Upcoming Topics and Case Studies

A lot has been happening between me and the genealogy world. Research cases, webinars, society meetings, and more have been filling up my time. It’s a wonderful thing, but my personal projects have not received much attention lately. But there is a lot I intend to post on and have many case studies in progress. The purpose of this blog is to travelogue my research, because that’s what it has always been. Here are some upcoming topics:

– Ancestors who left Revolutionary War Pension documents

– Three Daughenbaugh brothers served in a Union Civil War Regiment, the Kentucky 5th

– Research in New York’s land and probate has brought down some huge brick walls

– and much more!

I see my blog as something different from popular social media, but I do feel obliged to post on the genealogy world via my Facebook pages

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Jake-Fletchers-Genealogy-Blog/893302040726065

https://www.facebook.com/fletcherfamilytree

Please like and share. Send me your page and I’ll do the same.

Olivers of Galway in Petty Sessions Court Registers

[CLICK LINK FOR FULL REPORT] – Bartholomew Oliver of Galway, Ireland

This piece of research explains the process of finding certain records and would be of interest to anyone researching the Irish. The report focuses on new techniques, searching for individuals in an urban population, and different types of Irish records.

The records found reflect the character of working class Ireland in the 19th century; rough. The records belong to one of the more interesting individuals I have encountered in my six plus years of genealogy, a man called Captain Bartholomew Oliver who lived in the City of Galway. I have posted about him greatly before and the pdf link provides a complete list of supplemental blog posts. As to intrigue readers, I wanted to spend a little time talking about the Petty Session Court Records of Ireland, available at findmypast.com

Through my own research on findmypast.com located multiple incidents involving Capt. Bartholomew Oliver in the Petty Session Court Books. Ireland instituted a court known as the Petty Sessions from 1827-1924, which handled smaller incidents, much like the small claims court of America. The summons provide quality details about the famed Capt. Oliver that might have go unnoticed and seem to somehow fit with what appears on paper to be a tumultuous life.

bartholomew oliver 20 Mar 1862 court

Fig 1. On 20 Mar 1862, Bartholomew Oliver brought Stephen Joyce from Arran Island to court for piloting a ship without a license, specifically the “Elizabeth Ann of Sunderland”, thus disputing Captain Oliver who was able to prove his certification and offered to pilot said ship. The defendant was apparently dismissed on merit.[1]

bartholomew oliver court 1864

Fig 2. Oliver is back in court again on 12 Oct 1864, this time for money. Robert Barclay owed Oliver two hundred pounds for salvage services performed four days prior on Barclay’s ship called “Nora” from Liverpool. The defendant did not appear in the court.[2]

bartholomew oliver court 1883

Fig 3. Bartholomew Oliver was unlawfully assaulted by William McDonough of Galway on 29 Oct 1883 at the Galway Rouds [?] while on board a barque called Mars [?] of Glasgow. McDonough did not appear in court.[3]

These are only a few samples of what I uncovered. Please click on the link to read the full report.

[1] Bartholomew Oliver (20 Mar 1862), Petty Sessions Order Books CSPS 1/11749, case no. 504: digitized on Findmypast.com, Irish Petty Sessions Court Registers 1828-1912.

[2] Bartholomew Oliver (12 Oct 1864), Petty Sessions Order Books CSPS 1/11485, case no.62 (original number 608): digitized on Findmypast.com, Irish Petty Sessions Court Registers 1828-1912.

[3] Bartholomew Oliver (12 Nov 1883), Petty Sessions Order Books CSPS 1/11545, case no.341: digitized on Findmypast.com, Irish Petty Sessions Court Registers 1828-1912.

 

Copyright (c) 2015 by Jake Fletcher

Using Early Canadian Census Records to Document Ezekiel Dewey

I remember clearly the excited curiosity I felt when I saw that a direct Ancestor had been born in Quebec, mostly because it added a new dimension to my heritage. Now five years later, I am beginning to collect facts on who these ancestors of Quebec were.

PART I: RESEARCH

A biographical sketch is provided by the author in the Dewey Genealogy, Life of George Dewey: Rear Admiral, U.S.N. and Dewey family history:

 

                  “127. EZEKIEL DEWEY, b. bout 1770, d. in spring of 1836 at St. Remi, Quebec. In 1801 resided in the town of Willsborough, Essex County, New York; secured a deed of property, by purchase, in Hemmingford, county of Huntingdon, province of Lower Canada. It is probable at that time he removed his family to Hemmingford. When the country was largely a forest, with no railways and poor roads, farmers, for many miles distant, had to drive their produce to Montreal, the nearest market. The journey occupied several days in many cases, and his house became a convenient stopping where numbers of travelers put up for the night, going on to Montreal the next day. This required the erection of a large stone house and several barns, which were the finest in the district, and the family was very widely known in consequence. He also carried a blacksmith’s business and evidently became quite well off, according to the standards of those days. In 1824 he secured more property and in the year exchanged his Hemmingford property for another in St. Remi; thus secured four farms or about 500 acres of land; lived there with his family, carried on business and was buried in a graveyard on his own property; m -, 1793, ELIZABETH GOODELL, dau. of Ezekiel, a farmer, of Hartford, Washington County, N.Y.; was several years nurse for her neighborhood, and with a maiden daughter was burned to death by clothes catching fire after 1836.”[1]

 

Part II: Analysis and Direction of Research

 

The author did not provide citations and it is probable he corresponded with descendants who provided a version of the family history. These facts are not verifiable without records that are contemporary to Ezekiel Dewey. The most logical way to begin my research was to verify a chronology of his residencies using the Census. Ezekiel Dewey earliest known census record has him enumerated in Willsborough, Essex County, New York found in the 1800 US Federal Census, thus corroborating the biographical note placing him in at Willsborough, New York [fig 1., appendix b].[2] The duration of Ezekiel’s residency in Willsborough and the United States is unknown, along with the general nature of his origins. The Dewey Genealogy identifies his father as Samuel Dewey, born 25 Jan 1736/7 in Sheffield, Berkshire, Massachusetts.[3] Samuel’s genealogical sketch places him at Skenesborough, New York in 1773 and came to a brick wall in research because the “town records were burned several years ago.”[4] Therefore, the proposal that Ezekiel Dewey is originally from Skenesborough is probable at best.

With the exception of the 1800 US Federal Census, the trail of records left by Ezekiel Dewey originate in Quebec. The collected evidence, while beginning in 1816, affirms some truth in the Dewey Genealogy. Carol Poole, Researcher at the Franklin County Historical and Museum Society, located references to Ezekiel in a 19th century monograph history of Huntingdon County, Quebec. The first piece of evidence was a receipt dated 19 Oct 1816, in which the town of Hemmingford, Huntingdon County, paid Ezekiel Dewey 10 pounds for his labor in building a schoolhouse.[5] Willis C. Roberts, an early settler of Huntingdon County, named three settlers who lived on the road from “Franklin to Covey Hill,” one of which was “Dewey”.[6] An anecdote provided by a life narrative carries much less weight as solid fact than a town record, but both pieces of evidence indicate that Ezekiel was known by others in the surrounding community and contributed to it’s development.

I begin my own investigation with the Canadian Census. At first unfamiliar with Canadian Census Records, I now know they can provide some interesting genealogical details. Familysearch.com and National Library and Archives of Canada carry digitized census schedules. A note to researchers who are not fluent in French, you will have the benefit of translation on the Canadian Archives’ website. Ezekiel is enumerated as a resident of Ste. Constant, Huntingdon County, Quebec in 1825[7] and by 1831, he is a resident of St. Remi, Laprairie County, Quebec. The 1825 Census contains only names the head of household and provides household data by age bracket. The 1831 schedule for Lower Canada has a lot more questions and thus provides more in-depth genealogical data. The 1831 Census lists Ezekiel Dewey as a landowner and his occupation aubergiste translates to “landlord” or “innkeeper”.[8] In both schedules, an Alexander Dewey is a close by neighbor and quite possibly related.

 

Part III: Extracting Genealogical Information of Ezekiel Dewey’s Family from Census Data

 

Table 1: 1800 US Federal Census, Willsborough, Essex County, New York. Household data of Ezekiel Dewey

 

Males under 10 1
Males 10-15 0
Males 16-26 1
Males 26-45 1
Males 45+ 0
Females under 10 2
Females 10-16 0
Females 17-26 1
Females 26-45 0
Females 45+ 0

 

Table 2: 1825 Census, Lower Canada, Ste. Constant, Huntingdon County Quebec. Household data of Ezekiel Dewey.

 

Number living in household 9
persons under 6 years 1
persons 6-14 1
persons 14-18 2
non-married man 18-25 1
married man 18-25 0
non-married man 26-40 0
married man 26-40 0
non-married man 40-59 0
married man 40-59 1
woman under 14 1
non-married woman 14-45 2
married woman 14-45 0
non-married woman 45+ 0
married woman 45+ 1

 

Table 3: 1831 Census, Lower Canada, St. Remi, Laprarie County, Quebec. Household Data of Ezekiel Dewey.[9]

 

Number living in household 10
Number of persons age 5-14 2
Married Men 21-29 1
Single Men 21-29 1
Married Men 30-59 1
Women under 14 1
Single Women 14-44 1
Married Women above 45 2
Religious Affiliation – Church of Scotland 2
Roman Catholic 1
Presbyterian 7
Agricultural Data – Acres Owned 260
Acres cultivated 100
Bushels of Wheat 105
Bushels of Peas? 120
Bushels of Oats 100
Bushel of Barley 120
Bushel of Rye 1
Bushel of Indian Corn 100
Bushels of Potatoes 200
Bushels of Buckwheat 5
Cattle 35
Horses 7
Sheep 30
Pigs 14

 

The 1831 Canada Census asks a lot more questions, thus revealing more details about the estate of Ezekiel Dewey. I am particularly interested by the religious diversity noted in the household. Living in the same parish is an individual named Alexander Dewey. This might be the first son of Ezekiel, according to the Dewey Genealogy published in 1898. I included his census data from 1825,[10] 1831,[11] 1851,[12] and 1871.[13]

 

Alexander Dewey, 1825 Census, Huntingdon County

 

Number living in household 4
Persons under 6 years 2
Married Men 25-40 1
Married Women 14-45 1

 

Alexander Dewey, 1831 Census, St. Remi

 

Number living in household 7
Persons under age 5 2
Persons age 5-13 3
Married Men 30-59 1
Religious Affiliation – Methodist 7

 

Dewey, 1851 Census, St. Remi

 

Surname First Name Sex Age Occupation Birthplace Religion Most Recent Residence
Dewey William M 26 Farmer St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi
Coht[?] Elizabeth F 18 St. Hy[?]uth Anglican St. Remi
Baker George M 3 St. Remi Anglican St. Remi
Baker Mary A F 3 mo. St. Remi Anglican St. Remi
Dewey Mary A M[?] none listed – may be twins St. Remi Anglican St. Remi
Dewey Alexander M 56 Farmer New York Presbyterian St. Remi
Mc[?] J[?]s F 40 Europe? Presbyterian St. Remi
Dewey Gras[?] M 26 ? St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi
Dewey James M 19 ? St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi
Dewey Antoine M 12 St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi
Dewey Hugh M 2 St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi
Dewey Fineley M 2 mo St. Remi Presbyterian St. Remi

 

Alexander Dewey, 1871 Census, St. Remi

Surname First Name Sex Age Birthplace Religion Occupation
Dewey Alexander M 75 Etats. Unis. (America) Presbyterian
Dewey Jane F 65 Europe (possibly Scotland) Presbyterian
Dewey James M 38 Quebec Presbyterian Farmer
Dewey Fenley M 20 Quebec Presbyterian Student

 

 

I am glad that Alexander is enumerated in the 1851 and 1871 Census, because the questions are asked are more genealogically relevant. His age is 1851 (56) and 1871 (75) suggests he was born 1795-1796, matching up with his birthdate from the Dewey Genealogy. The 1851 census lists his birthplace as New York, which would mean Ezekiel had children before his settlement in Quebec.

 

 

Part II: Genealogical Summary – Some Descendants of Ezekiel Dewey

 

 

  1. Ezekiel Dewey, son of Samuel Dewey and [-?-],[14] was possibly born in Skenesborough, New York; died 22 Jul 1835 in St. Remi, Quebec.[15] He married around 1793,

 

  1. Elizabeth Goodell, daughter of Ezekiel Goodell and [-?-] of Hartford, Washington, New York,[16] born ?; died 27 Dec 1849 in St. Remi, Quebec.[17]

 

 

The children of Ezekiel Dewey and Elizabeth Goodell are as follows (Children i-iv are born in United States, v-xii are born in Quebec):[18]

 

i. Polly, born 1 Sep 1794

ii. Alexander, born 16 Jan 1796

iii. Lucinda, born 18 Nov 1797

iv. Martha, born 4 Aug 1799, married James Struthers.

v. Belinda, born May 1801, died unwed 16 Jan 1850 in St. Remi, Laprarie County

vi. John [3], born 4 Dec 1803, married Mary Garrett [4] 21 Dec 1825 in Montreal, died shortly aft. 16 Oct 1879 in Fort Covington, Franklin County, New York.

vii. Ezekiel, born 30 Oct 1805, died 27 Jan 1827 in St. Remi, Laprarie County, Quebec.

viii. Eunice, born 23 Oct 1807, died 31 Dec 1807.

ix. James, born 29 Dec 1808, married Martha “Patty” Priest[19] of Hitchinbrooke, Sherbrooke County, Quebec on 24 Apr 1837.[20]

x. George Washington Dewey, born 8 Jan 1811; married first Margaret Colton, daughter of John Colton and Jane House; born 21 March 1811 in Clarenceville, Quebec; died 27 Jun 1845 in Canada.

xi. Betsey, born 29 Dec 1812, died 11 Mar 1826 in St. Remi

xii. Charity Nichols Bradford (adopted), born 26 Dec 1809

 

 

Second Generation

 

  1. John Dewey, son of Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Goodell) Dewey,[21] was born 4 Dec 1803 in St. Remi, Lapraire County, Province of Quebec, Canada.[22] He died aft. 16 Oct 1879 in Fort Covington, Franklin County, New York.[23] He married 21 Dec 1825 in Montreal, Province of Quebec to

 

  1. Mary Garrett, born about 1806 in Canada.[24] She petitioned for a widow’s dower 7 Jan 1880 in Franklin County Surrogate Court.[25]

 

The children of John Dewey and Mary Garrett are as follows:

 

i. Elvira, born about 1825 in St. Remi, Quebec; 19 Jun 1884 in Montreal, Quebec.[26] She was married to John Waterman Freeman, brother of Daniel Azro [1]. John was born

ii. Elizabeth, born about 1826 in St. Remi, Quebec.

iii. Aaron, born about 1830 in St. Remi, Quebec. He later resettled in Illinois.[27]

iv. Emily, born about 1830 in St. Remi, Quebec.

v. Jesse, born about 1832 in St. Remi, Quebec. He later resettled in Illinois.[28]

vi. Mary Anne, born between 30 Aug-29 Sep 1833 in St. Remi, married Daniel Azro Freeman [1], died 29 Dec 1876 in Dayton, Waupaca County, Wisconsin.[29]

vii. Lucy, born about 1834 in St. Remi.

viii. John, born about 1836 in St. Remi

ix. Jeremiah, born about 1838 in St. Remi.

x. Ephraim O., born 7 Jul 1839 in St. Remi, died 16 Feb 1913 in Kildare, Kay County, Oklahoma.

xi. Martha, born about 1844 in Franklin County, New York.

 

 

Third Generation

 

  1. Daniel Azro Freeman,[30] son of David Freeman and Lavina Waterman, born 22 May 1826 in Norwich, Windsor County, Vermont,[31] and died aft.1890, and was last living in Yarwood, Lincoln County, Washington.[32] He married before December 1852[33] in Franklin County, New York to

 

  1. Mary Anne Dewey, born between 30 Aug-29 Sep 1833 in St. Remi, Lapraire County, Province of Quebec, Canada,[34] daughter of John and Mary (Garrett) Dewey, died 29 Dec 1876 in Dayton, Waupaca County, Wisconsin.[35]

 

The children of Daniel Azro Freeman and Mary Anne Dewey are as follows:

 

i. Leonard Clerington Freeman, born 20 Aug 1853 in Franklin County, New York.

ii. Wallace Ephrim Freeman, born 09 Mar 1857 in Wisconsin; died 28 Mar 1927 in Hanford, Kings County, California.

iii.     Mary Elvira Freeman, born 20 Feb 1861 in Wisconsin; died 25 Nov 1862 in Wisconsin.

iv. Elmira Elizabeth Freeman, born 11 Dec 1863 in Wisconsin; died 10 Mar 1890 in Kansas.

v. Varina Elbertine Freeman, born 27 May 1867 in Wisconsin; died 11 Apr 1931 in Alhambra, California.

vi. Florence Arvilla Freeman, born 17 Jan 1869 in Wisconsin; died 29 Aug 1952 in Hollister, California.

vii.     Lucy Ardell Freeman, born 15 Jul 1870 in Wisconsin; died 08 Oct 1870 in Wisconsin.

 

 

 

Copyright © 2015 by Jake Fletcher

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] Louis Marinus Dewey, et al., Life of George Dewey: Rear Admiral, U.S.N. and Dewey family history. (Westfield, Mass: Dewey Publishing, 1898); 2:293. Hereafter cited as “Dewey Genealogy”.

[2] Ezekiel Dewey, 1800 United States Federal Census, Willsborough, Essex County, New York: Accessed on Ancestry.com. 1800 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009; Dewey Genealogy, 2:293.

[3] Dewey Genealogy, 2:272; Birth Record of Samuel Dewey (25 Jan 1736), Sheffield, Berkshire, Massachusetts; accessed on Ancestry.com, Massachusetts Town and Vital Records [database online]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

[4] Dewey Genealogy, 2:272.

[5] Robert Sellar, History of the County of Huntingdon and of the Seignories f Chateguay and Beauharnois from their settlement to the year 1838, (Huntingdon, Quebec: The Canadian Cleaner, 1888), 165-66.

[6] Robert Sellar, History of the County of Huntingdon and of the Seignories f Chateguay and Beauharnois from their settlement to the year 1838, (Huntingdon, Quebec: The Canadian Cleaner, 1888), 516-17.

[7] “Canada, recensement du Bas-Canada, 1825,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KHJ8-2MW: accessed 20 February 2015), Alexander Dewey, Ste. Martine, Huntingdon, Quebec, Canada; citing p. 1089, volume 2, MG 31 C1;

Library and Archives Canada microfilm number C-718, Public Archives,

Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,443,958.

[8] “Canada, recensement du Bas-Canada, 1831,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VVMQ-KHN : accessed 20 February 2015), Ezekiel Dewey, St. Remi, Laprairie, Quebec, Canada; citing p. 1163, volume 18, MG 31 C1; Library and Archives Canada microfilm number C-722, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,443,962.

[9] His household was listed as one of two inns or taverns in St. Remi.

[10] “Canada, recensement du Bas-Canada, 1825,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KHJ8-2MW :accessed 20 February 2015), Alexander Dewey, Ste. Martine, Huntingdon, Quebec, Canada; citing p. 1089, volume 2, MG 31 C1; Library and Archives Canada microfilm number C-718, Public Archives,Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,443,958.

[11] “Canada, recensement du Bas-Canada, 1831,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VVMQ-KHJ : accessed 20 February 2015), Alex Dewey, St. Remi, Laprairie, Quebec, Canada; citing p. 1163, volume 18, MG 31 C1; Library and Archives Canada microfilm number C-722, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,443,962.

[12] “Canada Census, 1851,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWRC-6N6 : accessed 20 February 2015), Mary Anne Dewey, St Rémi, Huntingdon County, Canada East (Quebec), Canada; citing p. 113, line 31; Library and Archives Canada film number C_1122, Public Archives, Ontario.

[13] “Canada Census, 1871,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M4KT-YPQ : accessed 8 April 2015), Alexander Dewey, St-Rémi, Napierville, Quebec, Canada; citing p. 33, line 13; Library and Archives Canada film number C-10058, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,229,020.

[14] Dewey Genealogy, 2:293.

[15] Dewey Genealogy, 4:1079

[16] Dewey Genealogy, 2:293.

[17] Dewey Genealogy, 4:1079

[18] Dewey Genealogy, 2:293-94. The author lists the birthplace of the children as St. Remi, but the evidence points to Ezekiel’s children being in Hemmingford, Huntingdon County because Ezekiel was not living in St. Remi, Laprarie County until after 1825.

[19] Dewey Genealogy, 2:294. The Dewey Genealogy identifies James Dewey’s wife as Patty Priest, but the location of a marriage bond for James Dewey of St. Remi and Martha Priest of Hitchinbrooke would suggest her real name is Martha. See Marriage Bond of James Dewey and Martha Priest, Marriage Bonds, 1779-1858, Upper & Lower Canada, bond no. 1842, volume 37, microfilm reel number H-1131, Reference RG 41328: accessed online at Library and Archives, Canada (hereafter cited as Marriage Bond of James Dewey and Martha Priest).

[20] Marriage Bond of James Dewey and Martha Priest.

[21] Louis Marinus Dewey, et al., Life of George Dewey: Rear Admiral, U.S.N. and Dewey family history. (Westfield, Mass: Dewey Publishing, 1898), 2:294 (hereafter cited as Dewey Genealogy);

[22] Dewey Genealogy, 2:294; “Personal Records of Mason P. Dewey SR.”, Manuscript, Franklin County Historical & Museum Society, Malone, NY.

[23] A public notice appears in the Malone Palladium (Malone, NY) saying “Mr. John Dewey is very sick, with little hope of recovery.” See Franklin Gazette (Fort Covington, New York), 16 Oct 1879, image 3, page 3, accessed at NYS Historical Newspapers Database. This would disprove the date of death as 15 Oct 1879 given on John Dewey’s tombstone. See Tombstone Transcription. Old Cemetery (Protestant Community), Fort Covington, Franklin, New York. Accessed through the Northern New York Tombstone Project, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~frgen/franklin/ftcovington/protestant_horton.htm

[24] Census Records

[25] Mary Dewey, Admeasurement of Dower, “New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971,” Online Database (familysearch.org), accessed 4 Nov 2014. Images taken from Dower Records 1839-1880, Court Papers, Franklin County Surrogate Court, (Malone, Franklin County, New York); “Petition for Dower of Mary Dewey”, Franklin Gazette (Fort Covington, NY). 16 Jan 1880. Online at nyshistoricnewspapers.org.

[26] Death notice of Elvira D. Freeman, Malone Palladium (Malone, New York), 19 Jun 1884. Accessed online at nyshistoricnewspapers.org

[27] Dewey Genealogy, 2:294.

[28] Dewey Genealogy, 2:294.

[29] See Daniel Azro Freeman [1] for full citations.

[30] Besides his birth record, Daniel always identified himself with his middle name first, thus appearing as Azro Daniel Freeman or A.D. Freeman.

[31] Birth Record of Daniel Azro Freeman, Vital Records, Town Clerk’s Office, Norwich, Windsor County, Vermont, p. 35.

[32] 1890 Union Veterans Census, Yarwood, Lincoln County, Washington, roll 108, ED 40, p.1.

[33] Estimated on birth of first child.

[34] Mary Ann Freeman’s tombstone reads, “Marey Ann Freeman, died 29 Dec 1876, AE 43 yrs 3 months”. Upon this discovery, a birth date can be narrowed to Aug 30-Sep 29 1833. Also significant is the added e to Mary, thus this variation needs to be considered in further research.

[35] Photograph of Marey Ann Freeman’s Tombstone (died 29 Dec 1876), findagrave.com, memorial no. 119788107, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=119788107&ref=acom

Identifying my 2nd Great-Grandmother Lizzie Williams (A Summarization of Facts Known Thus Far)

I. RESEARCH PLAN

The goal is to identify Lizzie Williams, the wife of Wallace Ephraim Freeman; born around 1857 in Portage County, Wisconsin; died 28 Mar 1927 in Hanford, Kings, California. My research plan began with preliminary analysis of the subject. Two generations earlier, Margaret Elizabeth Freeman (1924-2005) had made the family tree of hobby of hers in the late 1980s. It is to her credit that her correspondences to cousins had provided some important clues about Lizzie Williams with photographs and other family relics. Three key documents are analyzed to carry out the research plan:

  • Genealogy Information Worksheet, entry for Wallace E Freeman, 1990, information compiled by Margaret Elizabeth Freeman, manuscript held in author’s possession, (hereafter cited as “Margaret E Freeman Research Papers”).
  • Marriage Certificate of Wallace E. Freeman and Marie Elizabeth Williams, [Certificate no. unknown], 5 February 1890, Spokane Falls, Spokane County, Washington, photocopy in Possession of Author.
  • Photograph of Wallace E Freeman & Elizabeth Marie Williams, taken by J.B. Cawthon (Spokane Falls, Spokane County, Washington), circa 1890. Photographs were compiled and photocopied by Margrette Elizabeth Freeman and are now in possession of the author.

II.       Document and Evidence Analysis

The reproductions are photocopies collages onto one page, so they obviously belonged to a single individuals collection. I am fortunate to have a reproduction of the marriage photo she took when she married Wallace Freeman at Spokane Falls, Spokane County, Washington. At the time, she was almost 15 years younger than Wallace and the age difference is considerable even in a faded reproduction.

Screen Shot 2015-04-08 at 11.05.23 AM

Fig 1. Marriage Photo of Wallace & Lizzie Freeman

My grandmother not only pursued correspondence with relatives, but also sought out genealogical records. The next big clue comes from the Marriage Certificate for Wallace and Lizzie. They were married 5 Feb 1890 in Spokane Falls, Spokane, Washington.[1] Curiously, the clerk wrote her name as “Maria Elizabeth Williams”, when Maria tends to be her middle name. At the bottom of the record, another name variation emerges when Lizzie signed her name as “M. Lizzie Williams”. Nicknames made the search for an ancestor more challenging and forces researchers to be careful in searching for an individual.

Wallce&Lizzie Marriage Certificate

Fig 2. Marriage Certificate of Wallace & Lizzie, 5 Feb 1890, Spokane, Washington

III. RESEARCH ANALYSIS – CENSUS & VITAL RECORDS

I begin my hunt for Wallace and Lizzie starting with the cornerstones of U.S genealogical evidence, the census and vital records. In 1890, Washington State remained one of the last outposts of the frontier. What drew them there exactly is unknown, but they were most likely neighbors. In both families, multiple generations stuck together. Wallace Freeman was known to have left his home of Dayton, Waupaca County, Wisconsin for Osborne County, Kansas in about 1878, farming aside his father and brothers, and then subsequently traveled west to Washington.[2] Wallace’s father, Azro Daniel Freeman is enumerated in the 1890 United States Federal Census Veterans Schedule as living in Yarwood, Lincoln County, Washington. He served as a volunteer for the state of Wisconsin in the Civil War.[3] Since the 1890 schedule it only survives for veterans, I worked my way searching through the next couple of decades. Researching the US Gen Web site for Lincoln County and Spokane County, Washington, I found Wallace and Lizzie’s entry in an online transcription of the 1892 Lincoln County, Washington Census . According to the entry, Lizzie was 20 years old and born in Illinois.[4] For the first time, I had a suggested birth state for Lizzie, but exhaustive searches of Illinois Vital Records proved no find. The 1892 Local Census lists in the household their first born son, 1 year old Jessie Lee.[5] The birth registration for Lizzie’s third son, James Wallace Freeman (20 Feb 1896) recorded in Yakima, Washington, lists Lizzie as 24 years old and from Illinois, thus consistent with the previous source.[6] The family of Wallace and Lizzie has not yet surfaced in the 1900 US Federal Census and Wallace Freeman does not reappear until 1910. He is living in Lemoore, Kings County, California with three children and he is listed as divorced.[7] After some sleuthing and a surge of emails, I learned their divorce record was housed in the Superior Court of Lincoln County, Washington. Within weeks, I had in my hands a large packet of court documents and the genealogical clues begin to unfold.

On fourth of November, 1908, Lizzie Freeman as she identified herself under the oath of the Lincoln County Superior Court, filed her intent divorce from Wallace [named in documents W.E.] Freeman. In her deposition of the same day, Lizzie testified that they were married a year prior to the marriage certificate, 5 Feb 1889 and in 1897, Wallace had “without any right or reason…deserted and abandoned the above named plaintiff.”[8] Lizzie Freeman had hired Martin & Nelson of Davenport Washington as attorneys.[9] Wallace having moved to California defaulted on 9 Feb 1909 by never returning to Washington to appear in court.[10] The affidavit on the following page reveals a new cast member in the search of Lizzie, a man from Kings County, California named James S. Williams, who in his affidavit has brought the summons to Wallace Freeman living in Fresno County, California.[11] The affidavit and the fact that he shares surnames with Lizzie means that James needs to be investigated.

On April 13 1909, Lizzie gives further testimony. She was and had been a resident of Lincoln County, Washington for more than one year. Again, the marriage date is stated as 5 Feb 1889, not 1890. This testimony happens to be more descriptive and Lizzie talks about how Wallace left Lizzie in 1897 in the province of British Columbia and took all three kids with him to live in California. For a mother, the grievances must have been great, which is why on top of complete separation from Wallace, she requested some kind of financial reimbursement since he failed to “provide any of the necessaries of life, or with anything at all.”[12] That same day in the courthouse, the divorce process was complete and from this point on ward, our elusive Lizzie disappears for a great while.

A photograph of Wallace Freeman taken with his three children increases the significance of the Canadian province British Columbia. The maker is “Carpenter & Co., Rossland, B.C.” I wanted to know now if Wallace had ever lived in Canada before moving to California. The town of Rossland, Province of British Columbia was a booming mining town at the time this picture was taken since gold was first found there in 1890.[13] I begin to wonder if Wallace had sought out Rossland to become a gold hunter. To see if the Freemans had come across the boarder, I searched the 1901 Canada Census for any Freemans living in Rossland, Province of British Columbia. Wallace was not there, but an Elizabeth Freeman born 12 Feb 1875 in the United States with a son John Freeman born 9 Jul 1893 are there. At this point, the match remains tentative.[14] Wallace appears to be a man of little fortune, if he is to abandon the financial responsibility of his wife and it is probable that he came to Rossland to strike gold, but this claim is at this point postulation.

Wallace Freeman & Children

Photo of Wallace Freeman & 3 Children, taken in Rossland, British Columbia

When I first encountered the individuals who were believed to be the parents of Lizzie Williams, I only knew them by their face and not their name. Photographs of Lizzie’s parents, named as “Grandpa and Grandma Williams” were taken in the mid-late 1920s at a place called Riverdale. A photograph of Wallace Freeman has him standing in front of his house, also at Riverdale. Records document Wallace as a resident of California from about 1906 to his death, 28 Mar 1927 in Hanford, Kings, California, so we knew that they are in Riverdale, California.[15] Two communities in California named Riverdale exist; one in Fresno County and the other in Mendocino. Knowing that the Williams and Freeman kin settled in Fresno and the surrounding counties of Kings and Madera, I leant towards the idea that the Riverdale we are concerned with belongs to bordering Fresno County, California. The dating of the photograph is based on the fact that one photograph exists of Lizzie’s parents taken with a grandchild named Evelyn Freeman, daughter of Jessie Lee Freeman. She was born 30 Oct 1923 and she is still in infancy, so it can be said accurately these pictures were taken around 1924-1925.

Screen Shot 2015-04-08 at 11.05.48 AMScreen Shot 2015-04-08 at 11.07.40 AM

Fig 3-4. Grandpa and Grandma Williams in Riverdale, Fresno, California

Curiously, Lizzie does not appear to be among family in California in this small collection of photographs. Perhaps this was symbolic of Lizzie’s estrangement from her kin because of Wallace. But knowing that mother’s very much desire to be close to their children, it would be possible that one day she would end up living in California. Thanks to my blog and my previous posts about Lizzie Then an email sent to me July 31, 2011 from a California cousin named Neal Freeman, confirmed my suspicion. Neal was a grandson of Jessie Lee Freeman and had heard stories about Lizzie, whom they called “Honey”.[17] Neal confirmed that she was a resident of Madera, California and I begin my search for Lizzie. There was a great possibility she remarried, considering she divorce Wallace at the age of about 37 and no longer had any support. A search for California death records on Ancestry.com using the first name of Elizabeth or Lizzie produced one possible match. An entry for Elizabeth Thomas who died 27 Jan 1951 in Madera was listed in the database. According to the entry she was born 12 Feb 1872 in Illinois, her maiden name was Williams and her mother’s maiden was erroneously indexed as Dabonbaugh, a misspelling of Daughenbaugh. I had not heard of this surname, which prompted background research. The states which people with the surname Daughenbaugh were most common in are Pennsylvania and Illinois.[18]

It was now time to move to the next step and learn more about Lizzie’s early life in Illinois. According to her presumed birth date, the earliest census that could be searched is the 1880 US Federal Census. I begin to search the 1880 US Census with this information and have four strong matches.

Match 1:  Elizabeth Williams, 8 years, born in Illinois, living in Mckansboro, Hamilton, Illinois in the household of John Williams, born 1840 Ohio and Emma Williams born 1845 England

Match 2: Elizabeth M Williams, 8 years, born in IL, living in Bedford, Wayne, Illinois in the household of John N Williams born 1838 Kentucky and Annie A Williams born 1845 in Pennsylvania

Considering that Lizzie had also identified herself as Maria Elizabeth Williams, as in the case of her marriage certificate to ex-husband Wallace Freeman, children who are named Maria Elizabeth Williams should be considered matches too.

Match 3: Maria E Williams 9 years, born in IL, living in Harristown, Macon, Illinois in the household of James H Pearson, born 1839 in Illinois and Martha A (Williams) Pearson born 1851 in Indiana

Match 4: Maria E Williams, 5 years, born in IL, living in Hunter, Edgar, Illinois in the household of Daniel H Williams, born 1840 in Illinois and Clara (White) Williams born 1843 in Illinois

[1] Marriage Certificate of Wallace E. Freeman and Marie Elizabeth Williams, 5 February 1890, Spokane Falls, Spokane County, Washington, Copy in Possession of Author.

[2] Wallace E Freeman, certificate no. 8057, 27 March 1878, Kansas, U.S. General Land Office.Wallace bought land in SE Township S29 T9 R14; Wallace E Freeman, 1880 United States Federal Census, Victor, Osborne County, Kansas, Roll T9_392, Family History Film No. 1254932, Page 319_4000, Enumeration District 214, Image 0356, Family No. 185; Accessed online at Ancestry.com (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com The Generations Network, Inc., 2000)

[3] 1890 US Veterans Schedule, Yarwood District, Lincoln Co., Washington, Roll 108, ED 40, page 1. The 1890 Veterans Schedule recorded not only the soldiers’ regimental information, but also any injury he received from the war. For John W Williams, his disability is listed as “cattamah in head”.[3] The word cattamah does not appear to exist in the English language, so further research is needed as to what this term means.

[4] Womach & Barcewski, comp., 1892 Lincoln County, Washington State Census, Lizzie Freeman entry, online, http://wagenweb.org/lincoln/censuslist.html.

[5] Womach & Barcewski, comp., 1892 Lincoln County, Washington State Census, Jessie Lee Freeman entry, online, http://wagenweb.org/lincoln/censuslist.html.

[6] James Wallace Freeman entry (20 Feb 1896), Yakima County Auditor, Birth Returns 1891-1907 Yakima County Auditor, Birth Returns 1891-1907, Accession Number CE339-2-27, Washington State Digital Archives.

[7] 1910 United States Federal Census, Lenmoore, Kings County, California, roll 79, Enumeration District 180, page 7A; Accessed online at Ancestry.com (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com The Generations Network, Inc., 2000)

[8] Summons and Complaint of Lizzie Freeman, 4 Nov 1908, in divorce papers of Lizzie Freeman vs. W.E. Freeman, Court File No. 4997, Superior Court of the State of Washington, County of Lincoln; photocopy in possession of author

[9] Summons and Complaint of Lizzie Freeman, 4 Nov 1908, in divorce papers of Lizzie Freeman vs. W.E. Freeman, Court File No. 4997, document 2, Superior Court of the State of Washington, County of Lincoln; photocopy in possession of author

[10] Order of Default, 9 Feb 1909, in divorce papers of Lizzie Freeman vs. W.E. Freeman, Court File No. 4997, document 6, Superior Court of the State of Washington, County of Lincoln; photocopy in possession of author.

[11] Affidavit of James S. Williams, 16 Nov 1908, in divorce papers of Lizzie Freeman vs. W.E. Freeman, Court File No. 4997, document 7, Superior Court of the State of Washington, County of Lincoln; photocopy in possession of author.

[12] Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, 13 Apr 1909, in divorce papers of Lizzie Freeman vs. W.E. Freeman, Court File No. 4997, document 11, Superior Court of the State of Washington, County of Lincoln; photocopy in possession of author.

[13] “Rossland – A Brief History,” Rossland Museum and Discovery Center, Rossland, Province of British Columbia, Canada’ http://www.rosslandmuseum.ca/rossland-a-brief-history/; accessed 16 Feb 2015.

[14] Data Entry for Elizibeth Freeman, 1901 Canada Census, automatedgenealogy.com. Includes an online extract of Elizibeth’s census enumeration from Kootenay (West/Ouest) Rossland (Riding/Division), Yale & Carbioo, British Columbia, district 5, sub district h-5, Archives Microfilm T-6340; http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/DisplayHousehold.jsp?sdid=5080&household=99.

[15] Wallace E Freeman, certificate no. 1583, (dated 31 March 1927, died 28 March 1927), California State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, privately held in Fletcher Family Archives. Wallace according to his California state death certificate recorded 31 Mar 1927 that he lived in Lake Laton, Fresno County, California for 22 years, placing his move there around 1905.

[16] Email Correspondence, Neal Freeman to Author, 31 Jul 2011. Saved electronically on gmail.com.

[17] Ancestry.com

APPENDIX – PAST BLOG POSTS:

Dec 3 2008 – WA State Census

8 Jan 2010 – Research Brick Wall: 2nd Great-Grandmother Lizzie Williams

29 Jul 2010 – Divorce Record

Daughenbaugh Family Photographs

An anonymous distant cousin, who we are related by my 4x great grandfather, Jacob Daughenbaugh, sent me a large collection of original photographs that came in the mail, many of them are well preserved in booklets [dont know the proper term]. While I have my own family photographs from the same period, the collection from this family is much more charming and I am very happy to have received this today.

Also today involved witnessing an historic document, in fact, it was the original manuscript of the first deed ever recorded in Plymouth Colony. Plymouth County held a grand opening ceremony for it’s new registry of deeds building and it is amazing that the original records of the 17th century have survived in the County. This contained William Bradford’s original handwriting and the signatures of John Billington, Edward Winslow, and Cuthbert Cuthbertson. Volunteering can lead to great experiences and I’m glad to be helping Mayflower Society with the history of the Society House, formerly known as Gov. Edward Winslow’s House, the great-grandson of Pilgrim Edward Winslow.